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Get to know La Tuque


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Interesting read the translation is not perfect but it works.

learn all there is to know about La Tuque


The French-Canadian origin of the toponym "La Tuque" dates from the beginning of the 19th century.

 The tuque-shaped mountain which gave its name to the town of La Tuque, is located between the Saint-Maurice river (left bank) and the Smurfit-Stone factory (paper mill) which became RockTenn in January 2011. The summit of this  mountain rises to about 245 meters.  It is located 200 meters from the river and about 400 meters upstream (northeast side) from the La Tuque hydroelectric power station.

 At the time when the trappers and caterers of New France crisscrossed the Saint-Maurice river (1.5 to 2 km wide in places) and the Bostonnais river, the most recognized landmark in the area was a mountain.  rocky with a rather peeled appearance, having a few fir trees at its summit.  Its tuque appearance influenced the natives and coureurs des bois of French ancestry.  This summit near the river has been designated as the main landmark of the sector, being visible from several kilometers downstream and upstream3.  La Tuque was born, at least traditionally if not officially.

 Explorer François Verreault described it as follows in 1823-24: “Travelers call it the Tuque, because of a high mountain, the peak of which looks like a tuque.  This portage is a league long, with steep climbs to climb.  In the past, the summit of this mountain was used for the observation of navigation on the river and the surveillance of the surrounding territory.

 In America, a "tuque" is a woolen cap, usually with a pompom at the top, used in winter to cover the head.  This term has been used for a very long time.

 The town of La Tuque is located 167 km north of Trois-Rivières.  The agglomeration of La Tuque is made up of a territory of 28,421.48 km2, of which 3,316 km2 are covered with fresh water.  It is therefore the second municipality in Quebec after Baie-James and the 6th in Canada.  This city is located north of Mauricie and is part of the agglomeration of La Tuque of which it is the capital.  It shares its boundaries with 6 municipalities (Senneterre, Baie-James, Lac-Bouchette, Lac-Édouard, La Bostonnais and Trois-Rives) and 12 unorganized territories.  It also enclaves 2 indigenous reserves, Wemotaci and Obedjiwan.

 1651: arrival of the first white to the Atikamekw Amerindian territory in order to evangelize them.  About 550 Amerindians occupy the banks of the Saint-Maurice River.  Father Jacques Buteux (the region's first Jesuit missionary) was one of the first white victims of the Iroquois raids.

 End of the 18th century: The Atikamekws, at war against the Iroquois and victims of smallpox epidemics, are almost wiped out.  These nomads assiduously frequented the trading posts set up by the Hudson's Bay Company.

 1680: the fur trade increases.  About thirty whites roamed the territory.  The North West Company and the Hudson's Bay Company intensified the trade, often to the detriment of the natives.  Trading posts were set up at Piles, Rivière-aux-Rats, La Tuque (1700), the Vermillon river (La Tuque), Parent and Weymontachie.

 Mid-19th century: Euro-Quebec colonization of Haute-Mauricie really begins thanks to logging.

 The Smurfit-Stone factory.  Pulp and paper is the region's main industry.
 1908: installation of the St-Maurice Industrial Co. in the La Tuque region, paper industry.  It took advantage of the increased demand for paper from the United States due to depleted forests in the Northeast.

 First part of the twentieth century: the Shawinigan Water and Power Company installs hydroelectric dams at Rapide-Blanc, La Trenche, Beaumont and La Tuque.  They provide the energy necessary for the establishment of large paper mills and for economic development.

 1930s / 1950s: Rising standard of living produced a class of people in search of adventure: hunters and fishermen.  The region offers such wildlife potential that it attracts hunters from other regions of Quebec, but also from other countries, from September to November depending on the races for which hunting is permitted.  Moose, which was once considered a resource for poor people, is becoming fashionable, as much for the taste of its meat as for the trophy.  The "plume" (the antlers) of this moose is the largest on the planet.  Before the government introduced hunting laws, the moose population came close to elimination.  It is unfortunately back in force!  Today, Nature Adventure companies continue to attract hunting and fishing enthusiasts from all over the world, with a considerable number of trout, brook trout, pike and walleye lakes in the region.

 1970s: the city's heyday.  Sporting and tourist events taking place there attract people from all over the world to participate.  The "24 Heures International de nage de La Tuque" invites swimmers from all over the world (Europeans, Americans, Africans - including Egyptians) to participate in a team competition, uninterrupted over 24 hours in a row.  Tourists and locals alike came in large numbers to attend, along with dozens of parallel activities around Lake Saint-Louis, the lake where the competition was held.  The competition unfortunately ceased its activities around 1980. The "International Canoe Classic" is also present, but for much longer, and is still in force.  Teams of 2 people in river canoes, as well as multiple teams in rabaska, start from La Tuque to descend the course of the Saint-Maurice River to Trois-Rivières.  Everything is done in a weekend, in stages.  International teams join in every year.  During these years, the direct population of the city is approximately 13,000 inhabitants.

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